The Wind Energy Scenario in India


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4 pages


Gyan Research and Analytics Pvt. Ltd.

Table of Content

1. Overview of Energy Sector in India
2. Renewable Energy in India
3. Wind Energy
3.1 Current Installed Wind Capacity in India
3.2 Estimated Wind Power Capacity in India
3.3 State-wise Achievable Wind Potential in India
3.4 State-wise Registration Status of Wind Projects
4. Outlook


The Indian energy sector is greatly dominated by the demand for coal. This dependence is due to the fact that more than 54 percent of the total installed electricity-generation capacity in the country is coal based. India is the fourth-largest end user of crude oil and natural gas in the world after the US, China and Russia. The share of coal and petroleum production is expected to be around 66.8 percent of the overall energy production in India and around 56.9 percent in total commercial energy supply by 2022. According to the Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012-2017), the demand for coal is expected to increase to 980 metric tonnes (MT) while domestic production is set to reach 795 MT, creating a demand-supply gap.
The development of wind power in India began in the 1990s, and has progressed steadily in the last few years. The short gestation period for installing wind turbines, coupled with their increasing reliability and performance, has made wind power a favoured choice for capacity addition in India.
Till May 2013, India’s wind energy capacity stood at 19,373 MW. The country’s total wind energy potential has been estimated at 45,000 MW. According to the Policies Scenario of the World Energy Outlook (2011), the total power capacity in India is projected to reach 779 Giga Watt (GW) by 2035, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of over 5.9 percent.
Growing faster than solar energy, wind power currently accounts for more than 70 percent of the total grid-interactive renewable capacity in the country. Wind-power generation in India has grown considerably over the years to reach 18,551 MW in 2013 compared to 7,063 MW in 2007. With the severe need for electrification and energy production, wind energy is going to provide an increasingly significant share of the renewable based capacity.

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