The Indian Handloom & Handicrafts Industry: Heritage Weaves


Additional information


3 pages


Gyan Research and Analytics Pvt. Ltd.

Table of Content

1. Indian Handloom Industry
1.1 Salient Features of Indian Handloom Products
1.2 Highlights of Union Budget 2013-14 for the Handloom Sector
2. Indian Handicraft Industry Scenario
3. Schemes for the Handloom Sector
4. Schemes for the Handicraft Sector
5. Issues & Challenges
6. Opportunity for the Industry
7. Export Scenario
7.1 Key Markets for Handloom Products
7.2 Key Markets for Handicraft Products
8. Outlook


The handloom sector of India is an important part of the country’s socio-cultural traditions. It has been sustained by transferring skills from one generation to another. The industry is largely a home-based one with everybody in the family contributing labour. India produces nearly 95 percent of the world’s hand woven textile
Handloom weaving is the second-largest economic activity after agriculture, and provides employment to more than 4.3 million weavers and allied workers.
Further, the industry generates indirect employment to others like loom manufactures, dyers, twisters, and processors among others. The sector contributes about 15 percent of the country’s cloth production and around 30 percent to the exports.
The industry has the largest infrastructure with 2.3 million weaving looms of which, 10 percent are from scheduled castes, 18 percent belong to scheduled tribes, 45 percent belong to other backward classes and 27 percent are from other castes. The total handloom cloth production in India reached 6.9 billion square metre in FY2012 increasing from 6.6 billion square metre in FY2009.
India is one of the important suppliers of handicrafts to the world market. This cottage industry is highly labour-intensive and decentralised, spread all over the country in rural and urban areas. Numerous artisans are engaged in crafts work on a part-time basis. The industry is estimated to employ around 6.9 million artisans.
Besides being an employment-friendly industry, the handicraft industry requires low capital investment, high ratio of value addition and has great potential for exports. The export earnings from this industry for FY2013 amounted to USD 3.3 billion.
The government of India has been promoting and encouraging the handloom and handicraft sector through a number of programmes and schemes. Due to various policy initiatives and schemes such as cluster approach, aggressive marketing initiatives and social welfare measures, these sectors have shown positive growth and the income level of weavers has improved. The government expects that export of handloom products is likely to register 30 to 35 percent growth during the current financial year despite of global economic slowdown.

Copyright © Gyan Analytics and Research. All rights reserved. Website Design and Developed by CodersUnitedX